After studying 100 fariytales, Vladimir Propp developed a character theory for studying media texts and productions. Prop discovered that all characters fall into 7 broard character types, all of which can be found in a variety of different media.
The Seven Character Types of Vladimir Propp
- The villain: Locked in a constant struggle with the hero, often trying to harm princess.
- The donor: Gives the hero an object or a piece of information that helps them prepare for what is to come.
- The helper: Assists the hero with their quest, often referred to as their 'sidekick'.
- The princess: Needs assistance from the hero, usually because they are in some form of danger, typically the princess is the victim within the narrative.
- The dispatcher: Is the character who sends that hero on their mission or quest.
- Hero: Reacts to the donor and saves the princess, often resulting in them falling in love with the princess.
- False hero: May appear good but has an ulterior motive, or attempts to take credit for the hero's actions.